If an individual is following orders, that individual CAN NOT be exercising Conscience, since, by definition, exercising Conscience means that one is WILLFULLY choosing for themselves Right Action over Wrong Action.
“I was just following orders” is NEVER a valid excuse or “justification” for immoral, criminal behavior, and this lame attempt to abdicate personal responsibility SHOULD NEVER BE ACCEPTED as a valid excuse for such behavior.
The term Justification comes from the Latin noun jus: “right; law” and the Latin verb facere: “to make; to create”.
Justification = To “Create” A Right.
“You assist an evil system most effectively by obeying its orders and decrees. An evil system never deserves such allegiance. Allegiance to it means partaking of the evil. A good person will resist an evil system with his or her soul.” – Mahatma Gandhi
This means …saying NO!
The below video is a SHORT excerpt from Mark Passio’s phenomenal Natural Law lecture: