The results of the experiments, led by professors Jing Xia and Kang Wang, followed a step by step plan elaborated by Shoucheng Zhang of Stanford and was just published in Science.
Speaking about the history changing discovery, Professor Shoucheng Zhang from Standford said:
“Our team predicted exactly where to find the Majorana fermion and what to look for as it’s ‘smoking gun’ experimental signature,” said Zhang, a theoretical physicist and one of the senior authors of the research paper.
“This discovery concludes one of the most intensive searches in fundamental physics, which spanned exactly 80 years.”
So… what does all of this mean for the real world? Well, while the search for the “Fermion” was of a more intellectual than practical nature, Professor Zhang said that the finding could have real-life implications for creating robust quantum computers in the future.
But in order to find the ultimate evidence that Fermions do exist, experts needed to find ‘quasi-particles’—which are particle-like excitations that result from the behavior of superconducting materials.
Quasiparticles are not like ordinary particles found in nature, but they do however meet the necessary mathematical requirements to be considered as real Majorana fermions.